A born again person is someone who has a direct connection with Almighty God by receiving the Holy Spirit inside their human spirit through faith in Jesus Christ. They are new creatures by the revolutionary change that takes place inside them when the Holy Spirit enters their spirit, and this permanent transformation establishes them as adopted children of God.
The conscience of the human is clouded and dark without God’s holy presence emblazing the holy standards of His Law upon it. This is revealed in Acts 2:37 as Peter presses the Jews with the criminal charge of breaking God’s Law by murdering the Messiah. “Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, ‘Men and brethren, what shall we do?’” From outside of a person God’s Dunamis power slams the Law into the human spirit, and cuts into the conscience!
God’s Word explains this in Hebrews 4:12,13. “For the word of God is living and powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing even to the division of soul and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account.” The Law proves the case against you is true, and yes, you are guilty of the crimes God holds against you.
So what happens when you are born again? Faith operates from inside the human spirit, and so the very first function of faith is to believe [trust in, rely upon, and cling to] Jesus Christ as the one who died in your place for all the spiritual crimes you committed. Real faith is not blind faith but a clear examination of the facts that Christ lived, died, and was resurrected from the dead; and He did it to pay for your crimes. It is by faith, and faith alone, that you are even able to see and admit you broke the moral standards of God’s Law.
Next, the Holy Spirit enters the repentant sinner, and this river of life [the flood of grace, yes this is His divine influence] causes a chain reaction of events inside. “The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God…” [Romans 8:16 NKJV] The corroborating evidence is the divine grace that immediately flows from the All-Powerful God now inside the human spirit, flooding him with new holy desires and energy. Like plugging a pinball machine into the electrical wall socket, new spiritual life ignites and activates all kinds of new things once dormant or non-existent in the human spirit without God. Yes, the Holy Spirit activates, or gives life to the dead spirit of the sinner, His grace flowing and connecting the Christian directly to Him and making him a brand new creature. “Everything that goes into a life of pleasing God has been miraculously given to us by getting to know, personally and intimately, the One who invited us to God.” [2 Peter 1:3 from THE MESSAGE: The Bible in Contemporary Language © 2002 by Eugene H. Peterson. All rights reserved.]
The grace of God surges into the human spirit lighting up the conscience, establishing and stretching faith, starting cravings for fellowship, activating spiritual gifts, initiating a hunger for worship, kick starting new ideas of creativity, stirring new thoughts and ideas for discernment, and enlightening the heart with new wisdom; all functions residing inside the human spirit but now newly turned on by His mighty power! This flow of supernatural energy never ceases, because God’s grace has no end. And these new godly desires are the evidence of being a new creature in Christ. “It is God who produces in you the desires and actions that please him.” [Philip. 2:13 GW]
“Desire God's pure word as newborn babies desire milk. Then you will grow in your salvation.” [1 Peter 2:2 GW] Because your spirit is the home of wisdom, God causes a hunger for His Word to gnaw at your heart. His will is to turn you from a simple fool into a wise and strong spiritual adult. “Behold, You desire truth in the inner being; make me therefore to know wisdom in my inmost heart.” [Psalm 51:6 AMP] What is wisdom? It is seeing life from God’s perspective! So as you begin to satisfy the hunger growing inside for God’s truth, your spirit will experience wisdom, establishing the foundations in your soul [mind, will, emotions] to identify the foolishness of all sin.
And along with the new source of wisdom coming from God’s truth, your conscience is also receiving divine influence from God’s Holy Spirit, as conviction presses your mind when you are about to do something morally wrong, or gives assurance when you are about to do something morally right. Your new spirit now senses good and evil by the guidance of the Holy Spirit. In time, as you grow in understanding the Bible, strong convictions multiply, and new power is experienced to keep you from doing wrong. The spirit of the born again creature quickly becomes stronger and mighty because over time it becomes mighty “by reason of use" they "have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.” [Hebrews 5:14 NKJV]
As a new creation, discernment begins to grow in your spirit. Discernment is different than judgment in the same way the duty of a jury is different than the judge in a court of law. The jury studies the facts, testimonies and evidence to come to a clear conclusion of the truth or falsehood of the parties entangled in dispute or accused of a crime. The judge, an expert in the truth of the law, takes this information with authority and makes binding decisions. Your judge is God and truth is revealed to you by God’s Spirit. For “God has unveiled and revealed them by and through His Spirit, for the [Holy] Spirit searches diligently, exploring and examining everything, even sounding the profound and bottomless things of God [the divine counsels and things hidden and beyond man's scrutiny]. For what person perceives (knows and understands) what passes through a man's thoughts except the man's own spirit within him? Just so no one discerns (comes to know and comprehend) the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God."
Be confident in this, God loves you very much and has given you everything you need to experience new life, character change, and relief from the burden of sin. The more you read His Word and understand His Biblical principles the easier it is to trust Him. When you seem alone or overwhelmed, remember His promise, that He will never leave you, nor forsake you. And believe me, it makes it even easier when you know what is going on inside of you as a new creation in Christ Jesus. It is easier when you recognize these truths, the Holy Spirit is really at work inside you, by first constantly changing your desires, and then consistently giving you new strength to please your Lord.